Climate change in India
Climate change in India is severely showing impact on the Indian population. Agriculture, water and forestry etc are the most effected sector because of Climate change. Many people of India are still living below the poverty line and so India cannot afford the risks and economic problems that would be caused by the Climate change.
Climate change in India can be observed in the climate variables like temperature, precipitation and humidity. These are affecting the sectors like agriculture and rural development. The impacts of global warming could already felt with the heat waves, cyclones, floods etc which are affecting the agriculture, fisheries and health of human beings. Climate change is going to hit the poor people most in India. The effect of Climate change will be more on India as India’s is going to be number one country as far as population is concerned.
There are many causes for Climate change in India. Many natural factors are responsible the Climate change. Continental drift, ocean currents, volcanoes, comets, meteorites are the important ones. Industrial revolution of nineteenth century has lead to large scale usage of fossil fuels in the industries. People from rural areas are coming to cities in search of work. Agriculture lands are being used for construction of houses. Man is using natural resources extensively for various activities like industries, transport, construction etc. Large quantity of wastes is being produced from cities. Apart from all the above, population increase is also contributing to the Climate change in India. Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are rising. Carbon dioxide methane and nitrous oxide are being emitted by fossil fuels and coal used to run vehicles, electricity generation and households.
Other ways through which man is contributing to Climate change in India are –
- The electricity being used to run various gadgets is generated in thermal power plans. These emit pollutions. Plastic wastes generated in urban areas remains in the environment and damages it. Timber is used in the construction of houses which leads to cut down of trees in forests. High yielding varieties of crops are being grown to feed the increasing mouths. For these crops large quantities of fertilizers are to be used which emit nitrous oxide.
Climate change in India can be a very big threat to life and environment. Weather condition changes can be observed through temperature rise, melting of glaciers which are causing floods and rise in sea levels.
Effect of Climate change on agriculture: Climate change in India is affecting the agriculture as Indian agriculture sector is dependent on the weather. Climate changes due to global warming are effecting the production of agriculture. Increase in temperature, change in rainfall pattern etc are serious affects on agriculture. If there is decrease in the production of agriculture the Indian economy and the food security both will be affected.
Biodiversity: The Climate changes in India are affecting the biodiversity and wildlife. Many plants and animal species are facing extinction due to Climate change. These plants and animals face extinction when they cannot adapt to the changing Climate conditions and unable to survive. Climate change can be felt through the decrease in few animal species.
Coastal areas: Climate change in India is leading to increase in sea level. These changes are causing floods damaging the coastal infrastructure. Coastal regions provide goods, services like food and transportation for the benefit of humans. If these are facing danger, it may be threat to human life on earth also.
Given below are few basic tips that can help stopping climate change in India to some extent.
- Replace normal electricity bulbs with florescent bulbs which can prevent 150 pounds of carbon dioxide emission.
- Minimize the usage of petrol/diesel vehicles. This also prevents carbon dioxide emission.
- Stop using products which have lot of packaging. This can help the environment resources and also can reduce carbon dioxide emission from the garbage.
- Plant trees.
When not in use, do not forget to turn off the electronic devices like television, computer etc.