How the Andhra Pradesh State formed? | AP State formation history
One of the famous and great freedom fighter Pottisreeramulu did fasting for 58 days for and on the Dec 15th died on the 58th day of his fasting and his death made all Indians suffer a lot and on16th of Dec there arouse many agitations all over India. On the same day Jawaharlal Nehru said that the statement that he submitted in the parliament on Dec 6th reached the minds of the people and many people accepted that and it worked. In that he said that the Vice president had talk with the Madras government and ministries under the issue of the formation of separate Andhra Pradesh. As a miracle by Dec 19th all the agitations in Andhra come to an end and peace is established in the state and on the same day the government decided to form separate Andhra state. The separate Andhra is formed with all the Telugu speaking people in Madras but Madras do not come under the separate Andhra but it becomes Madras presidency. To meet all the financial problems and other crisis a special committee is appointed by the government to solve the problems.
The special committee walked over all the towns in Andhra and submitted nearly 5000 requisitions to the people and also conducted many meetings with the common people and finally on Feb7, 1953 submitted a report on survey conducted. Governments go through that report on March 25th and on the same day matter raised on the Loksabha by Nehru. The temporary capital of Andhra is to be made in Madras is the secret that is leaked before submitting of the report. And for this statement almost all the Tamilians started agitations and even 24 MPs also stated that they did not agree for Madras to be the capital of Andhra. During that time many agitations took place allover Andhra and they are limited only to Madras. Nearly 32 MPs submitted their dislikeness in this decision and they also raised many issues that took place after this and said that there occur differences between Andhra and Tamils. The same was stated even by the Tamil MPs.
On March 25th Nehru said that Andhra state is formed along with Krishna, Guntur, Vizag, Nellore, Kurnool, Ananthpur, Kudapah, Chiitor, Ballari, Raidurg, East and West Godavari districts, Aloor, Adoni. Other districts in Ballari are joined in Mysore and the decision of Andhra capital left to the members of Andhra. The issue of Ballari Taluk is left to a special committee and final decision is made by that committee. During that time Kurnool is the temporary capital and no other discussions took place regarding this matter. The reason for that is a wish that Hyderabad becomes the capital of Andhra. But as Nehru was against this issue many people think that the temporary capital will become the permanent one. And there arise many agitations regarding this issue. There came caste differences between Kammas and Reddys in making Kurnool as the capital of Andhra. It was stated in a news paper that there arise differences between the castes and these agitations may continue even for a long time if proper decision is not taken. There is also strong idea that the PM of Andhra should be from congress and the idea of all the people is that the new state should not form with the governor presidency. There is also an idea that communists should not enter the scene. During that time for the proper functioning of the State the powers are given to Prakasam Pantulu one of the greatest freedom fighter. By that he became the first CM of Andhra. Andhra state is formed on Oct1, 1953 under Nehru government.