How the Andhra Pradesh State was formed? | AP State formation history

How the Andhra Pradesh State formed? | AP State formation history

AP_stateOne of the famous and great freedom fighter Pottisreeramulu did fasting for 58 days for and on the Dec 15th died on the 58th day of his fasting and his death made all Indians suffer a lot and on16th of Dec there arouse many agitations all over India. On the same day Jawaharlal Nehru said that the statement that he submitted in the parliament on Dec 6th reached the minds of the people and many people accepted that and it worked. In that he said that the Vice president had talk with the Madras government and ministries under the issue of the formation of separate Andhra Pradesh. As a miracle by Dec 19th all the agitations in Andhra come to an end and peace is established in the state and on the same day the government decided to form separate Andhra state. The separate Andhra is formed with all the Telugu speaking people in Madras but Madras do not come under the separate Andhra but it becomes Madras presidency. To meet all the financial problems and other crisis a special committee is appointed by the government to solve the problems.

The special committee walked over all the towns in Andhra and submitted nearly 5000 requisitions to the people and also conducted many meetings with the common people and finally on Feb7, 1953 submitted a report on survey conducted. Governments go through that report on March 25th and on the same day matter raised on the Loksabha by Nehru. The temporary capital of Andhra is to be made in Madras is the secret that is leaked before submitting of the report. And for this statement almost all the Tamilians started agitations and even 24 MPs also stated that they did not agree for Madras to be the capital of Andhra. During that time many agitations took place allover Andhra and they are limited only to Madras. Nearly 32 MPs submitted their dislikeness in this decision and they also raised many issues that took place after this and said that there occur differences between Andhra and Tamils. The same was stated even by the Tamil MPs.

On March 25th Nehru said that Andhra state is formed along with Krishna, Guntur, Vizag, Nellore, Kurnool, Ananthpur, Kudapah, Chiitor, Ballari, Raidurg, East and West Godavari districts, Aloor, Adoni. Other districts in Ballari are joined in Mysore and the decision of Andhra capital left to the members of Andhra. The issue of Ballari Taluk is left to a special committee and final decision is made by that committee. During that time Kurnool is the temporary capital and no other discussions took place regarding this matter. The reason for that is a wish that Hyderabad becomes the capital of Andhra. But as Nehru was against this issue many people think that the temporary capital will become the permanent one. And there arise many agitations regarding this issue. There came caste differences between Kammas and Reddys in making Kurnool as the capital of Andhra. It was stated in a news paper that there arise differences between the castes and these agitations may continue even for a long time if proper decision is not taken. There is also strong idea that the PM of Andhra should be from congress and the idea of all the people is that the new state should not form with the governor presidency. There is also an idea that communists should not enter the scene. During that time for the proper functioning of the State the powers are given to Prakasam Pantulu one of the greatest freedom fighter. By that he became the first CM of Andhra. Andhra state is formed on Oct1, 1953 under Nehru government.

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  1. Andhra Pradesh is one of the state of the country, which takes pride in its rich historical and cultural heritage. A peek into the History of Andhra Pradesh can give an idea of the glorious past the state has witnessed. The brief history of Andhra Pradesh can be classified into four prime periods.

    The origin

    Historians believe that the original people of Andhra Pradesh were Aryans. They migrated to the south of Vindhyas and there they mixed up with other races. A major part of Emperor Ashoka’s kingdom, Andhra Pradesh was an important Buddhist center of that time. Several places in the state still bears the traces of the Buddhist culture and influence.

    The earlier period

    The Satavahana dynasty is perhaps the earliest dynasty that ruled in Andhra Pradesh. This was during the second century B.C and they were also known as the Andhras. Amravati, on the banks of river Krishna was their capital. They promoted national and international trade and were great followers of Buddhism. After the end of the Satavahana reign, the state was ruled by the Pallavas, the Chalukyas, the Cholas and the Kakaityas respectively.

    The period of Muslim expansion

    The Kakatiya dynasty was uprooted in 1323, following the capture of their ruler by Tughlak Sultan of Delhi. After the end of the Kakatiya dynasty, few local kingdoms rose to power in different parts of the kingdom. Among these, the Vijaynagar kingdom was the most powerful one. The great king Krishnadeva Raya belonged to that kingdom. After failing time and again against the Vijayanagar empire, the kingdom was finally captured by the Muslim invaders. In the middle of the 16th century, the state saw the emergence of the Qutb Shahi dynaty. They were defeated by the Mughals, to be precise by Aurangazeb’s son. In 1707, Hyderabad was declared independent and went under the rule of the Nizams. The Nizams were great allies of the British and they helped the Europeans to defeat Tipu Sultan of Mysore.

    The post independence period

    After the Indian independence, Andhra Pradesh became the first state to be formed on the basis of language. The Telegu speaking people were given twenty one districts, out of which nine were in the Nizam’s Dominions and the rest in the Madras Presidency. However following an agitation in 1953, eleven districts of the Madras state were taken to form a new Andhra state with Kurnool as its capital. Nine districts under the Nizam were later added to form the enlarged state of Andhra Pradesh in 1956. Hyderabad became the capital of the state, which is one of the most technologically advanced cities of the modern India.

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