Importance of embroidery sarees | Various designs and models of embroidery sarees

September 1st, 2010| Uncategorized.

Importance of embroidery sarees | Various designs and models of embroidery sarees

There are many varieties of Embroideries.  Some are transmitted from generations to generations and some were brought in to India by migrated people.  Some of them were brought from western countries.  But they stand as an example for the creativity, expertise and skills of Indian artisans.   Even the images of Gods and Goddesses in the pictures in our homes, can be seen wearing heavy embroidery clothes.  It is a matter of wonder to know that Zardosi embroidery is in use from the time of Rig-Veda.  Some families are practicing this art from generations.  This has now become a cottage industry and a means of livelihood for many people as Embroidery now a hot trend in the international market.  There is a heavy demand for the embroidery clothes created here and so designers from other countries are also choosing India for embroidery work.   It was thought that introduction of machine embroidery may give hard time to hand embroidery, but that has not happened.  The popularity of hand embroidery has grown as well as its value.

Now sarees are designed with Zardosi, sequence, kundan and thread work embroideries.  Zardosi was the favorite embroidery of the queens.  Especially during the Mughul period it was a mark of royalty and sophistication.  Zardosi is a word used by Parsis.   In Parsi Zar means Gold and Dosi means embroidery.  As the cost of the gold increased and the number of people who could afford to buy them were less, silk threads, gold plated copper wires and gold color silk threads are used in place of gold.   The cloth is fixed to a wooden board, and special needles are used for this work.  This work continues for many days.  Nalma or golden wire, sitara or metal stars, chamki, glass beads, dabka or gold or silver wires which look like spring and kasab are used in this work.  Charminar in Hyderabad is famous for this work worldwide.

‘Sikka’ in Arabic is Coin.  And the word ‘Sequence’ originated from there.  Colorful, shining circles are used in the sequence work.  These are used in singles or arranged on one another in groups.  Thread work is done with cotton and silk wool threads and  gold and silver wires.  Various varieties like kanta, kasheeda, kasuti, gara, pulkari, kutch work are done in the thread embroidery.  Kundan  embroidery work is done with colorful stones.  During the Mughal period kundan work reached Rajasthan from Delhi.  But now Rajasthan is more famous for Kundan work.  Sarees and dresses designed using various embroideries are attracting women irrespective of seasons and trends.  Embroidery sarees are on top of the fashion trends internationally.  These reflect the greatest Indian tradition.  And the artisans have to be saluted for their craftsmanship.

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