Karwa Chauth is a festival celebrated by mostly north Indian married women. It is believed that it gives strength to the women to fight even with God for the sake of their husbands. Fasting on the day of Karwa Chauth believed to bring fortune, long life and health to the husbands. The festival is celebrated nine days before Diwali.
On the day of Karwa Chauth women get up early in the morning. They have a pre-dawn mean. From her the phase of fasting begins for the women. They are not supposed to eat anything or drink anything till they watch the moon at night. Women gather at some places and sing songs. Henna rituals songs and dances are arranged during the day time.
Preparation of Puja begins days before the festival where all puja items will be gathered. In the evening women wear new clothes and adorn themselves with jewellery. Special mud pot which is considered as lord Ganesha, a metal urn filled with water, idol of Gauri Devi, flowers, fruits and food grains are the important puja items. Women light the earthen lamps in the Puja thalis and listen to the Karwa Chauth story which is narrated by an elderly woman or the women of priest community. A sieve and a water pot are also arranged in the pooja thali.
Women wait for the moon to rise. When the moon rises, women see the reflection of moon in water or through sieve or a dupatta. Women are prevented from watching the moon directly on Karwa Chauth day. Moon is then offered water by the women who kept fast. Women seek the blessings of the moon and pray for the health and safety of their husbands. Then the women see their husbands through the same sieve which is used to see the moon. After this women eat the food specially made for the occasion.