Rural and urban poverty in India-How to eradicate poverty in India

November 22nd, 2011| News.

Poverty in India and its eradication

Poverty in India

Poverty in India

Though India tops of the list of countries which are developing fast, it is not able with eradicate poverty.  Poverty in India is the main social issue that is worrying the sociologists and economists.  Poverty is defined to be the condition in which a person is not able to maintain a standard of living which is comfortable.  Another definition of poverty is the condition in which the person is not able to have 2,400 calories of food per day.  Few sections in the Indian society are not able to fulfill at least their basic needs.  India is one such country in which largest number of poor people is living in a single country.  Of the total one billion population of India, 35 – 40% people are living below poverty line.  Number of poor people in rural areas is more than in urban areas.

Poverty in India is divided in to two, one is urban poverty and the other is rural poverty.  Reasons for rural poverty are many and the main reason is distribution of income is not equal among people.  There is also high population growth in rural areas.  More percentage of rural people is illiterates which is another important reason of poverty.  The caste system followed in Indian rural areas and large families also increase poverty. Dependency of agriculture which again depends on rain patterns and monsoon season increases poverty.  Because, inadequate rain and improper irrigation facilities lead to less production of crops. Due to poverty, people are suffering from malnutrition, illiteracy and many health problems.  Other problems of poverty are people have to live in unhygienic living conditions which leads to diseases, lack of proper housing, injustice meted out to women and the poor people are ill treated by other sections of society.

Government of India is taking many measures to eradicate poverty.  It has introduced programs for farmer’s development, minimum needs programs, rural employment programs etc.  Though many measures are being taken by the government, the common man is unable to receive the benefits.

Urban poverty is other category of poverty of India.  Reasons for urban poverty in India can be states as youth not getting proper training for jobs, growth of jobs is slow and the failure of public distribution system.  Limited access to few employment opportunities is leading to poverty in urban areas.  These people are forced live with improper housing facilities in unhygienic conditions. Urban poverty is increasing and the main reason for this is the increasing population.  Migrations from rural areas to urban areas also increased as poor people from rural areas come to cities in search of food and work.

Poverty in India is the greatest problem and various people suggest various measures to help eradicate poverty.  Poverty cannot be eradicated until the root cause of it is found out and taken care of.  Poverty in present society is not natural but is artificially created by the people of various sections.  There is no shortage of any resources in India.  Production of agriculture and other things has been increasing day by day.  But the poverty issue cannot be resolved because of the faulty and defective distribution in the society.  While rich people continue to accumulate more and more wealth, condition of poor people is worsening day by day.

Most important thing to do to deal with poverty in India is to found a way in which judicious and fair distribution system will be possible. Indian government has initiated many programs like providing food on subsidy prices increasing access to loans, price support, promoting education and family planning.  Though these have given considerably good results in achieving the goal, the problems like black money, underutilization of foreign aid etc are affecting the poverty alleviation in India.  The government should take measures like being more accountable, carrying out labor and land reforms, improving education facilities and ensuring higher credit flow to rural India.  Government should also be more responsive to the needs of the people and the political economy must take interest in efforts to reduce poverty.

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